What species of penguin lives in St Kilda?
The species of penguin that occupies the St Kilda breakwater is called the Little Penguin (Eudyptula minor). They were previously known as Blue penguins or Fairy penguins. They are now called little penguins because they are the smallest species of penguin in the world.
How small are little penguins?
The average size of a little penguin is ~30cm tall and ~1000g for females and ~1200g for males.
Can you tell the difference between males and females?
What do penguin chicks look like?
Where else can you find little penguins?
Little penguins are endemic to Australia and New Zealand meaning that they cannot be found anywhere else in the world. Within Australia they can be found in WA, SA, VIC and NSW. The most famous place to view little penguins is on Phillip Island.
Why is it best to see the penguins at night?
During the day, little penguins either spend their time in their nests between the rocks or at sea fishing. They come out of their nests after sunset because they feel safe from predators. Penguins return from sea during this time to rest or return to their parental duties during the breeding season.
When do the penguins breed?
The St Kilda colony has a very large breeding period lasting from June-February. At Phillip Island, the breeding period usually only lasts for 3 months and will begin in Spring. The breeding period is much longer for the St Kilda colony because there is a lot of food available in Port Phillip Bay for most of the year. Some St Kilda penguins have successfully raised chicks despite the cold!
Do little penguins mate for life?
What is moult?
The pdf below contains more questions and answers if you would like to learn more:
Questions and Answers