St Kilda is a suburb in the Australian city of Melbourne, Victoria, on the country’s south-eastern coast. It lies just a few kilometers from Melbourne’s downtown, yet it is home to some special residents. You can see penguins at St. Kilda, one of the last things you’d expect to see in a city.

A colony of little penguins (formerly known as “fairy” penguins) has nested at the end of the Pier in St. Kilda, a small suburb of Melbourne, since the Pier’s construction in the mid-1950s. The penguins have gained popularity among tourists since they decided to settle here. St Kilda is the only place in the world where you can get great views of these charming animals in an urban environment.


What Type of Penguins are the St Kilda Penguins?

The tiniest species of penguin can be found in St. Kilda! The Eudyptula Minor is affectionately known as the ‘Little penguin .’These beautiful creatures, which stand only 30 cm tall and weigh only one kilogram, will steal your heart. Unlike their Antarctic counterparts, Little St. Kilda penguins do not find a single soul partner. Currently, 18–50% of young penguins find a new mate after breaking up with their first crush.

The penguins are cared for by a devoted group of volunteers who work to protect them from irresponsible tourists. The volunteers will help people find the creatures and point out penguins hiding amid the rocks while defending them from over-eager tourists.

A little patience will help you find them hidden in their burrows during the daytime. It is only visible to daylight visitors when anglers entice them out of their burrows with fish, and they quickly enter and return carrying the fish in their beaks. Adult penguins undergo “moulting,” or the entire replacement of their feathers, for two weeks each summer. Because they cannot hunt while moulting, they must rely on their body fat and remain hidden in the breakwater burrows. Mounting leaves them defenseless and helpless, but this is a natural process.


How Many Penguins Live in St Kilda?

One of the most well-known species and a top tourist destination in Melbourne, the tiny penguin colony, draws crowds of up to 3,000 visitors per night.

St Kilda beach in Melbourne is home to over 1,400 tiny penguins, most of which nest in the breakwater off St Kilda pier.

Since 1987, Earth care volunteers have been keeping an eye on the Little Penguins of St. Kilda, and the data they collect helps to safeguard the colony.


Why are the little Penguins at St Kilda Pier?

The little penguins were first noticed on the breakwater just a few years after it was built in 1956, though it wasn’t until 1974 that their nesting activity was officially documented. The first penguin to do so is thought to have come from a large colony at Philip Island, located about 125 kilometers southeast of Melbourne.

St Kilda lies on the coast of Port Philip Bay, and this region has an abundance of fish that little penguins like to eat. It is believed that this is what initially attracted them to the area. Even while it wasn’t planned with penguins in mind, the breakwater is a perfect place for them to nest. The penguins have a place to hide under the rock, and the breakwater is big enough for them to keep up a colony.


What Time Can I See the St Kilda penguins?

Every day after sunset at St. Kilda, you may see the little penguins as they return from the ocean. The next day, they return to the water just as the sun rises. Since the St. Kilda Pier is open around-the-clock, you can see them anytime.

The period from August to March, known as chick-raising season, is the greatest time to see young penguins at St Kilda. There are fewer penguins along the Pier in April, and in May, June, and July, there are even rarer. However, you can see them at St Kilda all year long.

Crowds arrive most evenings, but they frequently leave just after dusk. Come prepared to stay far into the night if you want to see the most activity. Give the birds plenty of room and move away if they cross your standing area. The penguins occasionally hide in the rocks during the day but become more active and mobile at night.

The number of penguins returning each night varies – penguins don’t need to return to land each night as they are relatively buoyant and can sleep at sea. Their return can be spread over many hours but rest assured; you’ll spot a few.

The St Kilda penguins are free of charge to see, and several helpful wildlife rangers patrol the Pier to control the crowds and respond to any queries about the penguins.


What time do the fairy penguins come in?

The Penguin Parade visitor center opens at 5:00 p.m. Every evening at sunset, penguins arrive. It is advised to get there about an hour before the penguins arrive.


How Funds Maintain the Habitat of Little Penguins?

The Port Phillip Bay Fund provides awards totaling more than $1.7 million to 25 projects to help improve the health, habitats, and biodiversity, including sharks, rays, penguins, oysters, and Rakali water rats.

10,000 marine plant and animal species call Port Phillip Bay home, making it one of Melbourne’s most vital ecosystems.

The Labor Government’s Coast care grants recently awarded $7,000 to the Port Phillip Eco Center for installing a plant guard trial that will support the flourishing of the native vegetation along the harbor.

This requires building 12 plant guards that protect the plants from the neighborhood wildlife while allowing them to develop strong roots. Once established, these plants will give penguins and other native species vital habitat and nesting materials.

Maintaining important habitats and bolstering the booming tourism sector depends on Port Phillip Bay’s protection.


What Are The Considerations For The Survival of Penguins?

Visitors’ activities along the breakwater must consider the survival of the Penguin Colony.

Avoid using flash when taking pictures. Penguin eyes are far more sensitive to intense light than human eyes. They are far more sensitive to the blue end of the light spectrum than the red.

Give them 2-3 meters of personal space so they can feel comfortable and refrain from attempting to touch or chase them. This contributes to preserving a beneficial relationship with wildlife.

The Earth care St. Kilda volunteers are usually stationed there at dusk to prevent the use of flash photography and to inform visitors who stand on the rocks or approach the penguins too closely. They are providing the Penguins with excellent protection and a less invasive environment.